Traveling to Athens but no idea at all about the city other than being the home of gods and goddesses? Well why not do your research first and take not of the following information to know what and what not to expect when visiting the capital and largest city of Greece?

Basic Information

Location: 37°58′N 23°43′E

Size: 476 sq. km.

Population: nearing to 5million

Districts: 7

Region: Attica


Athenawas called Ἀθῆναι in the Ancient Greek. If you are a fan of Greek mythology, you might have noticed the city’s name’s resemblance to that of the goddess of wisdom, Athena. An etiological myth explains that the city got its name the Athenians chose the goddess over the god of the sea, Poseidon. The two were said to have competed with each other to become the patron of the city. Poseidon produced salt water spring for the people, while Athena made the olive tree to symbolize peace and prosperity. Because it was the olive tree that the Athenians accepted, Athena became their patron and had the city’s name in her honor.


Athens is basically surrounded with mountains. On its east is Mount Hmettus, Mount Penteli on its northeast, Mount Aegaleo to the west, and Mount Parnitha to the north. Of this four, the last is the tallest and is also recognized as a national park.


Athens is known to have a subtropical Mediterranean climate. It receives annual precipitation just enough to avoid being classified under the semi-arid climate. A dominant feature of the city’s climate though is the alternation of its warm and dry summers and wet yet mild winters (perfect for a vacation getaway!).

These are just a few of the things that you’d probably have to know before traveling to Athens – whether you want to come alone or with your friends or family. Taking note of these details will help you appreciate the city more and help you understand its offerings better, leading to more enjoyable and learning-filled experience. Of course, these are just the tip of the iceberg. Read on to the other pages of this site to get to know the city more.

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