Mysterious. Magnificent. Mystical. Marvelous. These could be the 4M’s (and probably more) to describe the top attractions in Athens – reasons that make thousands, if not millions, of people from all over the world visit it year after year. Below is a list of just a few of the many attractions you should not miss when in the Greek capital.
From the words acro which means edge and polis meaning city, the Acropolis, also called Athens’ “Sacred Rock” is considered to be the city’s most important site and constitutes to be the one of the world’s most recognizable monuments. This site also manifests Greek’s flourishing civilization in the ancient times.
The entrance to this area is called the Propylaea which is dedicated to the patron goddess of Athens, Athena. This futuristic designed structure was built through the ingenuity of architect Mnesicles using Pentelic marble.
Often referred to as the rendezvous of the Athenians for their meetings, The Pnyx is a large theater-like area located on a hill on the west of the Acropolis. Here you will get a glimpse of the city’s past and re-live the moment where the important males in the city convene to discuss important issues. This is also the spot where great political struggles in the city’s Golden Age had been fought out.
Built in 160AD, the Herodeion, which is a theater surrounded by monuments, serve as a venue for many performances and concerts in the city. It goes past the pedestrian of Dionysiou Areopagitou Street. It is also referred to as Odeon of Herodus Atticus.
Stretching along Ermou Street, the Kerameikos is Athens’ most important and biggest necropolis. If you think it somehow sounds like the English word “ceramic”, well that is because the word has been derived from the place’s name as it once been the quarter of the potters in the city. Here, numerous funerary sculptures and an important cemetery are also situated.
The heart of the city’s politics, administration, and commerce, the Ancient Agora, also known as the Roman Agora, has also once placed as the core of the ancient city’s religion and culture. Measuring 111×98 meters, the Agora was once the location of the city’s court of justice. When exploring the area, you will notice the traces of a civilized community which can be traced in the Late Neolithic period. In 6th Century BC, under the rule of Solon, the area has been declared a public area.
Lying on the south-east part of the ancient city, the Olympieion’s establishment goes back from the mythical Deucalion time. It has been inhabited in the prehistoric period where the cult of Zeus is said to be attested. The monumental temple was erected thru the order of Peisistratos the Younger in ca. 515 B.C., however, it was not finished because its tyranny in the city fell. Its construction was finished under the order of Roman emperor Hadrian. Inside the temple one will be in awe with the colossal statue of Zeus which is made of gold and ivory.
Traveling to Athens will surely make you out of positive adjectives to say. So be prepared to be impressed in this wonderful city.